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No Tag Attrib Explanation Example
1 HTML   Mark the very start and very end of a html file.  
2 HEAD   Mark the first part of the html file which contains the title. <HEAD> <TITLE> My Homepage </TITLE> </HEAD>
3 TITLE   Title of the whole html page, displayed in the title bar of the web browser <HEAD> <TITLE> My Homepage </TITLE> </HEAD>
4 BODY   Body of the html file, which contains all other tags and contents.  
5 BODY BACKGROUND = Set the background image <BODY BACKGROUND="image1.jpg">
6 BODY BGCOLOR = Set the background color <BODY BGCOLOR="#000000" TEXT="#FFFFFF" LINK="#9690CC">
7 BODY TEXT = Set the text color <BODY BGCOLOR="#000000" TEXT="#FFFFFF" LINK="#9690CC">
8 BODY LINK = Set the link color <BODY BGCOLOR="#000000" TEXT="#FFFFFF" LINK="#9690CC">
9 Hn   HTML has six headings, numbered 1 through 6, with 1 being the largest. Typically displayed in larger and/or bolder fonts. <H1> Chapter 1. Introduction </H1>  <H2> 1.1 What is html? </H2>
10 P   Mark one paragraph. </P> can be omitted if following is a paragraph too. <P>Paragraph 1.</P>
<P>Paragraph 2.</P>
11 P ALIGN = Align the paragraph <P ALIGN="CENTER">Centered paragraph</P>
12 ALIGN=   Can be LEFT, CENTER, RIGHT. Can be put into paragraph tag, heading tag, caption tag, etc. <P ALIGN="CENTER">Centered paragraph</P>
<H2 ALIGN="CENTER">Centered heading 2</H2>
13 UL   Mark the beginning and end of a unnumbered list <UL>   <LI>Item 1</LI> <LI>Item 2</LI> <LI>Item 3</LI>  </UL>
14 LI   Each list item. No end tag is needed. <UL>   <LI>Item 1 <LI>Item 2  <LI>Item 3  </UL>
15 OL   Mark the beginning and end of a numbered list <OL>   <LI>Item 1 <LI>Item 2  <LI>Item 3  </OL>
16 DL   Mark the beginning and end of a definition list, which is used list terms and their descriptions. <DL>  <DT> Term 1 <DD>Description 1 <DT>Term 2 <DD>Description 2  </DL>
17 DT   Definition term <DL>  <DT> Term 1 <DD>Description 1 <DT>Term 2 <DD>Description 2  </DL>
18 DD   Definition description <DL>  <DT> Term 1 <DD>Description 1 <DT>Term 2 <DD>Description 2  </DL>
19 PRE   Enclose any paragraphs of text which is displayed exactly as it is typed -- normally spaces is ignored in html files. <PRE> This is several lines of preformatted text. </PRE>
20 BLOCKQUOTE   Enclose any paragraphs of quoted text, which will be indented. <BLOCKQUOTE> <P>Paragraph 1 <P>Paragraph 2 </BLOCKQUOTE>
21 BR   Put it at where you want a line break. There is no extra space between these lines as between paragraphs. <P> Where do I begin<BR>to tell the story<BR>of how great love can be</P>
22 HR   Horizontal line as separator <HR SIZE=4 WIDTH="50%">
23 HR SIZE The thickness of the horizontal line <HR SIZE=4 WIDTH="50%">
24 HR WIDTH The width of the horizontal line <HR SIZE=4 WIDTH="50%">
25 DFN   For a word being defined. Typically displayed in italics. <DFN>Characters to be defined</DFN>
26 EM   For emphasis. Typically displayed in italics. <EM>Characters to be emphasized</EM>
27 CITE   For titles of books, films, etc. Typically displayed in italics. <CITE>Name of the book</CITE>
28 CODE   For computer code. Displayed in a fixed-width font. <CODE>Computer codes</CODE>
29 KBD   For user keyboard entry. Typically displayed in plain fixed-width font. <KBD>Some characters</KBD>
30 SAMP   For a sequence of literal characters. Displayed in a fixed-width font. <SAMP>Compiler error message</SAMP>
31 STRONG   For strong emphasis. Typically displayed in bold. <STRONG>ATTENTION!</STRONG>
32 VAR   For a variable which will be replaced in real use by specific information. Typically displayed in italics. Java souce code file looks like <VAR>filename</VAR>.java.
33 FONT SIZE   <font size=?></font>  
34 FONT COLOR    
35        
36 B   Bold type font <B>ATTENTION!</B>
37 I   italic type font <I>To be or not to be, that is the question.</I>
38 TT   typewriter type font. Fixed-width. <T>Some characters</T>
39 &lt   Escape sequence for <. Case sensitive!  
40 &gt   Escape sequence for >. Case sensitive!  
41 &amp   Escape sequence for &. Case sensitive!  
42 A   A link can be pointing to a html, image, animation or sound file. Format is <A HREF= "location"> displayed text> </A> Refer to <A HREF= "http://java.sun.com/docs/books/ tutorial/">Java tutorial</A> for details.
<A HREF="ani1.mov">See the movie…</A>
<A HREF="sound1.wav">the music…</A>
43 A HREF = Mark the location of the target file. Could be a relative location or an URL. Refer to <A HREF="http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/">Java tutorial</A> for details.
44 A NAME = Insert a bookmark in a file, so that others can jump to here. This is the end of our love story.<A NAME="Bottom">
45 A # A hyperlink which can jump to a specific bookmark in the same or another file <A HREF="lovesto1.htm#Bottom">My love story… </A>
46 A MAILTO: A hyperlink which can send email <A HREF="MAILTO: frank_liu_silan@hotmail.com"> Contact me… </A>
47 A   An image which can be used as hyperlink. Just replace the displayed text of a normal hyperlink with a normal image tag. <A HREF="http://www.monash.edu.au"><IMG SRC= "monashlogo.jpg" WIDTH="100" HEIGHT="25" ALT="Monash Logo"></A>
48 IMG SRC = An in-line image <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg">
49 IMG WIDTH = Width of the in-line image <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg" WIDTH="30" HEIGHT="50">
50 IMG HEIGHT = Height of the in-line image <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg" WIDTH="30" HEIGHT="50">
51 IMG ALIGN = Align the text with the image, can be "TOP", "CENTER", "BOTTOM". <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg" WIDTH="30" HEIGHT="50" ALIGN="CENTER">
52 IMG ALT = Text substitute of the image <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg" WIDTH="30" HEIGHT="50" ALT="Logo of Monash">
53 IMG BORDER = Define the thickness of the black image border <IMG SRC="frank1.jpg" WIDTH="30" HEIGHT="50" ALT="Logo of Monash" BORDER="5">
54 IMG   An image which can be used as hyperlink. Just replace the displayed text of a normal hyperlink with a normal image tag. <A HREF="http://www.monash.edu.au"><IMG SRC= "monashlogo.jpg" WIDTH="100" HEIGHT="25" ALT="Monash Logo"></A>
55 TABLE   Mark the start and end of a table <TABLE>………</TABLE>
56 TABLE BORDER = Border thickness of a table <TABLE BORDER="3">…..</TABLE>
57 TABLE WIDTH = Width of a table cell. Supresses the width of cells on top of it.  
58 TABLE HEIGHT = Height of a table cell. Supresses the height of cells on its left side.  
59 TABLE ALIGN = Horizontal alignment of a cell. Can be LEFT, CENTER, RIGHT. <TD ALIGN="CENTER">….</TD>
60 TABLE VALIGN = Vertical alignment of a cell. Can be TOP, CENTER, BOTTOM. <TD VALIGN="BOTTOM">…</TD>
61 TABLE COLSPAN = Number of columns a cell spans <TD COLSPAN="2">….</TD>
62 TABLE ROWSPAN = Number of rows a cell spans <TD ROWSPAN="3">….</TD>
63 TABLE NOWRAP Turn off the word wrapping in a cell <TD NOWRAP>….</TD>
64 TABLE CELLSPACING = Sets amount of space between table cells <table cellspacing = "5">…..</table>  
65 TABLE CELLPADDING = Sets amount of space between a cell's border and its contents <table cellpadding = "5">….</table>  
66 TABLE      
67 CAPTION   The caption or title of the table. <CAPTION ALIGN="CENTER">Employee Information Form</CAPTION>
68 TR   One row of a table <TR>…….</TR>
69 TH   One header cell of a table. By default bold and centered. <TH>……</TH>
70 TD   One data cell of a table. <TD>….</TD>
71 FORM   Declaring a form <FORM METHOD = post action = "http://localhost/servlet/Test">….</FORM>
72 INPUT TYPE = TEXT A text field. "Address" will be the name of the parameter sent back to the server, and the value will be user input. Default value will be "25 Grand Av.". <INPUT TYPE=TEXT NAME=Address VALUE="25 Grand Av." SIZE="20" MAXLENGTH="20">
73 INPUT TYPE = PASSWORD Same as text. User input will be displayed as "*". <INPUT TYPE=PASSWORD NAME=password VALUE="123ABC">
74 INPUT TYPE = FILE Display a text field and a “Browse” button, which will bring out a OS dialog to browse a file. The full path of this selected file will be sent as the parameter value, e.g. “c:\my documents \index.Html” <INPUT TYPE=FILE  NAME=FileLocation   ACCEPT=image/*>
75 INPUT TYPE = RADIO All radio controls with the same name ("Animal") belongs to the same group. <INPUT  TYPE=RADIO  NAME=Animal  VALUE=dog>
76 INPUT TYPE = CHECKBOX If the checkbox is checked, the posted parameter will have a value of  “on”. If it is not checked, the posted parameter list will simply not include this parameter. <INPUT  TYPE=CHECKBOX  NAME=Horse>
77 INPUT TYPE = HIDDEN This control is hidden on the html page and may be used for session tracking <INPUT TYPE=HIDDEN  NAME=HiddenParameter  VALUE="Hidden value">
78 INPUT TYPE = SUBMIT Submit parameters of all controls in the form <INPUT  TYPE=SUBMIT  NAME=Submit1 VALUE=Submit1>
79 INPUT TYPE = IMAGE Use image as submit button. The (x, y) coordinate of the click point on the image will also be posted. <INPUT TYPE=IMAGE  NAME=ImageSubmit  SRC="car.jpg"  BORDER="0">
80 INPUT TYPE = RESET Reset controls in the form <INPUT  TYPE=RESET VALUE=Reset>
81 TEXTAREA   Text area. <TEXTAREA  NAME=Name  COLS=40  ROWS=10  WRAP=SOFT>Comment…</TEXTAREA>
82 SELECT   Without SIZE, it is a drop-down select. With SIZE, it is a scrolling select, and SIZE defines the number of items shown. When it is a scrolling select, you can also put MULTIPLE to allow multiple selection. <SELECT  NAME=Dept  SIZE=2  MULTIPLE>
<OPTION VALUE=Value1>Displayed1</OPTION>
<OPTION VALUE=Value2>Displayed2</OPTION>
<OPTION VALUE=Value3>Displayed3</OPTION>
</SELECT>